Australian Histories Podcast
Ep 32 Eureka Pt4: Eureka Stockade: Australian History

Ep 32 Eureka Pt4: Eureka Stockade: Australian History

January 31, 2020

With no positive response to their delegations, pleading & petitions, the Ballarat miners determined they must boycott the corrupt system all together and physically resist when the troopers came to arrest them.

Under the leadership of Peter Lalor, the men swore under their Southern Cross flag, to stand together united in their resistance, and to protect each other from the authorities, with physical force if required.

To that end they began building a defensive Stockade. and began to organise and gather weapons for a confrontation with the Government Camp. 

The Government saw this as the beginning of revolutionary rebellion, and were determined to crush the uprising.

(60 mins)

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Ep 31 Eureka Pt3: Ballarat Reform League: Australian History

Ep 31 Eureka Pt3: Ballarat Reform League: Australian History

December 31, 2019

Relations between the authorities and the diggers on the Ballarat goldfield continued to deteriorate, and despite the reports of corruption and violent behaviour being reported to the senior government officials, no action was being taken.

Following a murder on the goldfield, the miners meeting protesting the corrupt investigation that took place afterwards, escalated into a riot, and the Eureka Hotel was burnt to the ground.

A number of influential men on the diggings formed the Ballarat Reform League, to represent and advocate for the Ballarat diggers and their families, and to make representations to the government about the causes of the riot.  But with no satisfactory discussions taking place, the miners lost all patience and resolved that the only course of action open to them, was armed resistance.  A flag was raised, oaths sworn and the men set about organising  a defensive stockade.

(40 mins)

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Ep 30 Eureka Pt2: Ballarat goldfield: Australian History

Ep 30 Eureka Pt2: Ballarat goldfield: Australian History

December 30, 2019

We turn our attention to the Ballarat Goldfield.  The road to the Eureka Rebellion here was actually quite long, and contained a myriad of grievances & triggers, which finally came to an unhappy clash on December 3rd 1854 at the Eureka Stockade.  But we are not quite there yet.  This episode we look at the early days under La Trobe, and the frustration & aggravation that grew after Hotham became Governor.

The initial catalysts for the uprising started with unfair gold licensing arrangements, but the behaviour of the officials on the Ballarat goldfields caused much disquiet, and with corruption rife and no reasonable response from the government, we can see the seeds of the confrontation forming.

(43 mins)

 

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Ep 29 Eureka Pt1: Gold: Australian History

Ep 29 Eureka Pt1: Gold: Australian History

November 29, 2019

Gold miners built the Eureka Stockade at the Ballarat goldfields in December 1854, but trouble between the miners and the authorities had started pretty much with the gold rush in 1851.  Before we start looking at the Eureka uprising itself, Ep 29 will begin with some background to the story. 

The discovery of gold and the chance to dig & make ones fortune, transformed the colonies. We'll look at gold discovery in Australia, the influence of the Californian gold rush, the Government’s response, and how the home-grown rush started in New South Wales, before the lucrative Victorian fields were discovered. 

(46 mins) 

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Ep 28 The Dingo Fence: Australian History

Ep 28 The Dingo Fence: Australian History

October 25, 2019

Australia has a number of massive continuous barrier fences, built by farmers and pastorlists  from the late 1800's, to try and control the movement of native and introduced pests that were threatening their land and stock.

We’re going to look at the development & operation of the massive Dingo Fence, the longest wild dog exclusion barrier, now running as a continuous line across 3 states, over more than 5400 kilometres (3350 miles).                        (52 mins)

 

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Ep 27 Convicts and Cascades Pt 2: Australian History

Ep 27 Convicts and Cascades Pt 2: Australian History

September 24, 2019

We’re continuing our look at the convict era, in particular, the experiences of women convicts who passed through the Cascades Female Factory, in Hobart, Tasmania.

After serving their sentences, many became successful members of their communities, and they are representative of the convict women who can be regarded as the literal mothers of the early Anglo-Australian society here.

(58 mins)

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Ep 26 Convicts and Cascades Pt 1: Australian History

Ep 26 Convicts and Cascades Pt 1: Australian History

August 30, 2019

We’re going to look at the female convicts who passed through the Cascades Female Factory, in Hobart, Tasmania, and reflect on the different experience the women convicts may have had, to those of the male convicts.

There are both harrowing and hilarious stories to be told about the institution and it’s inmates.  So we’ll focus on the women in that institution in particular, as an example of experiences that might have been familiar to most convict women who were sent out to Australia. 

(54 mins)

 

 

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Ep 25 Mawson: Antarctic Explorers Pt 5: Australian History

Ep 25 Mawson: Antarctic Explorers Pt 5: Australian History

July 26, 2019

Douglas Mawson’s Australasian Antarctic Expedition concluded, and the last of the expeditioners arrived back in Adelaide in February, 1914.  A lot had happened, both on the frozen continent and across the world, in the years they had been away.  We wrap up the “Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration” in this episode, by reflecting on the AAE, on Mawson’s ongoing relationship with the Antarctic, and Australia’s connection to Antarctica. 

We’ll also just touch on the outcome of Scott and Amundsen’s attempts on the pole, which took place while Mawson was in the Antarctic, and just for interest, also discuss Shackleton’s return journey, which pretty much brought the Age to a close.

(54 Mins)

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Ep 24 Mawson: Antarctic Explorers Pt 4: Australian History

Ep 24 Mawson: Antarctic Explorers Pt 4: Australian History

June 28, 2019

Douglas Mawson’s expedition was well underway, and the teams from the Cape Denison base had returned, after completing their various research programs. 

All except Mawson and his team.  They had undertaken the most ambitious and distant trek, and were now overdue. 

We turn our attention to the trek Mawson, Ninnis & Mertz undertook for the AAE. 

(48 mins)

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Ep 23 Mawson: Antarctic Explorers Pt 3: Australian History

Ep 23 Mawson: Antarctic Explorers Pt 3: Australian History

May 31, 2019

After returning from Shackleton’s Nimrod Expedition and despite rejecting any idea of returning to Antarctica, the trauma of his polar trekking faded and Douglas Mawson began to consider all the exploration & discovery that still lay waiting there. 

He set about planning the “Australasian Antarctic Expedition”, to undertake an ambitious scientific & survey program for Australia & the Empire.  This time though, the harsh elements would extract a greater cost for giving up it’s secrets.

(51 Mins)

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